你家的小孩,每年阅读了多少本书?

据2018年的研究数据指出,我国成年人一年人均纸质图书阅读量为4.67本,成年人人均电子书阅读量为3.32本。

 

从未成年人的阅读率,在2018年:

0至8周岁儿童图书阅读率为68.0%

9至13周岁少年儿童图书阅读率为96.3%

14至17周岁青少年图书阅读率为86.4%

纸质图书的阅读量下降,主要是因受到电子阅读的影响。虽然如此,纸质阅读依然很重要,对于培养未成年人良好的阅读习惯、培养专注力,都具有数字化阅读所不能替代的作用。儿童过早接触手机等数字媒介,容易受到娱乐化内容和碎片化思维的影响。

 

正成为世界第二大的经济体,要保持世界上的地位,我们的人民在教育和文化的水平上就不能忽视,并且要不断提升。

 

选择好的阅读刊物,家长需要花点心思。

我们可以从有教育上“世界第一”名号的芬兰去借镜一下。在PISA(国际组织举办的对15岁学生能力评估测验)的调研中,芬兰青少年在阅读与科学两项评比中多次称霸,解决问题和数学能力则位居第二。

 

全世界最爱看书的人就是芬兰人,他们在家阅读的传统已传承400多年,是全世界最爱跟图书馆借书的人,每人每年平均借17本书。根据调查,41%的芬兰中学生,最常从事的“休闲活动”就是阅读。

阅读能培养个人的素质、认知外,也可以陶冶性情。不管是纸质图书还是电子书,养成阅读的习惯是有相当的益处。

 

国外的作者,很会通过绘本来让孩子学习到情感、情商、道理等。上次我们介绍过英国的作家 Roger Hargreaves 编制出家传户晓的Mr Men and Little Misses, 这次我们介绍一下芬兰的作家毛里·库纳斯(Mauri Kunnas),他写了40本书,被翻译成23种语言,是全球畅销书之一。

 

其中一套,是金色童书系列第一辑,全辑共有4册。这个系列的一大特色就是帮助孩子克服恐惧,勇敢挑战自我。

无论是成人还是孩子,每个人都会遭受过恐惧的困扰。在孩子的成长过程中,“恐惧”这位不速之客常常降临,成为他们成长路上的绊脚石。如何正视和认识它,如何应对和战胜它,从毛里·库纳斯(Mauri Kunnas)这套绘本中就能找到答案,战胜恐惧的力量就蕴藏在书里。孩子可通过色彩斑斓的图画,在点滴文字间,在诙谐有趣的故事里找到勇气、学会坚强。

作者让大家看到,鬼魂、吸血蝠和其他人们通常认为可怕的东西,也只是一些可爱或可怜的小家伙而已。女巫竟然不敢驾驶飞行扫帚,可怕的雪人是因为脚冷才大喊大叫。他们的各种小困难,都通过有趣的方法得到了解决。

这套书的另一个亮点就是拓展孩子对不同文化的好奇心。

 

在孩子眼里,走那些弯弯曲曲、坑坑洼洼的小路总要比平坦的道路更具有吸引力,而这种感觉好能满足他们的好奇心。好奇心是开启创意思维的钥匙。如果你能巧妙地挖个“引水渠”,让孩子的好奇心得到有效引导,那么他就会更加兴致勃勃地去探索这个丰富多彩的世界,然后拓展想象力,散发出很多让人意想不到的想法。

 

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有机会出国旅游的话,不妨到芬兰参观在毛里·库纳斯(Mauri Kunnas)出生地的儿童博物馆the House of Mr. Clutterbuck, 回味一下书里面提到过的故事和场景。

 

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